Services & Products

Service/Product name: Course: Marine fish nursing and culture techniques

Service/Product type: Training course

Service/Product provided by: Research Administration, International Cooperation and Education Department

Detail description

Marine fish nursing and culture techniques

Semester: June


Course Objective: The demand for marine fish has been increasing, meanwhile the limitation of marine fisheries yield has been known worldwide. Many countries and territories around the world therefore are focusing on developing marine aquaculture to balance the human demand and the conservation of marine resources. In the other word, the demand for marine fish can only be met fully if marine aquaculture considerably contributes to the volume and stability of global marine fish supplies. The techniques for marine fish nursing and culture have been studying and developing to meet this inevitable requirement.


Learning Outcomes:

On completion of this course, students will be able to:

-          understand the certain marine fishes biology

-          apply artificial spawning technique

-          apply nursing technique

-          apply growing out technique

-          carry out harvesting and transporting techniques for fingerling and marketable size fish.


Pre-requisite: None


Course Outline:


1. Introduction to marine fish nursing and culture; evaluation of status, prospects and constraints of marine aquaculture

2. Biological characteristics of common culture marine fish species (cobia, grouper and threadfin)

3. Hatcheries techniques of marine fishes

4. Nursing and culture techniques of marine fishes

5. Techniques for harvesting, transporting of fingerling and marketable fish


Laboratory Session:

1.    Examine biological characteristics of cobia (appearance, stages of development, gonad...)

2.    Examine biological characteristics of grouper (appearance, stages of development, gonad...)

3.    Examine biological characteristics of threadfin (appearance, stages of development, gonad...)


Field visits:

1.      Field trip to marine fish hatchery

2.      Field trip to marine fish growout farm




Internship / field work:

1.      Northern National Broodstock Center for Mariculture – Station 1 – Xuan Dam commune, Cat Hai Island, Hai Phong province, Vietnam

2.      Northern National Broodstock Center for Mariculture – Station 2 – Hai Thanh commune, Duong Kinh district, Hai Phong province, Vietnam

3.      Marine fish cages – Ben Beo fjord, Cat Ba district, Hai Phong province, Vietnam


Learning Resources:


Textbooks: No designated textbook, but lecture notes will be provided.


Reference Books:



1.        Nhu, V. C., N. Q. Huy, L. T. Luu, T. M. Thien, P. Sorgeloos, K. Dierckens, H. Reinertsen, E. Kjørsvik and N. Svennevig (2011). "Cobia Rachycentron canadum aquaculture in Vietnam: Recent developments and prospects." Aquaculture 315: 20-25.

2.        Shaffer, R. V. and E. L. Nakamura (1989). "Synopsis of biological data on the Cobia Rachycentron canadum (Pisces: Rachycentridae)." NOAA Technical Report NMFS 82, USA.



3.        Ismi, S., T. Sutarmat, N. A. Giri, M. A. Rimmer, R. M. J. Knuckey, A. C. Berding and K. Sugama (2012). "Nursery management of grouper: a best-practice manual." Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research ACIAR Monograph No. 150: Canberra, 44 pp.

4.        Sugama, K., M. A. Rimmer, S. Ismi, I. Koesharyani, K. Suwirya, N. A. Giri and V. R. Alava (2012). "Hatchery management of tiger grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus): a best-practice manual." Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research ACIAR Monograph No. 149: Canberra, 66 pp.



5.        Hena, M. K. A., M. H. Idris, S. K. Wong and M. M. Kibria (2011). "Growth and survival of Indian salmon Eleutheronema tetradactylum (Shaw, 1804) in brackish water pond." Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 6: 479-484.

6.        Mưu, T. T. và V. V. Sáng (2013). "Ảnh hưởng của thức ăn đến sinh trưởng và tỉ lệ sống của cá Nhụ bốn râu (Eleutheronema tetradactylum Shaw, 1804) giai đoạn ban đầu nuôi thương phẩm." Tạp chí Khoa học và Phát triển 11(4): 519-524.



Teaching and Learning Methods: Lectures, field visits, case studies and presentations (description attached)


Time Distribution and Study Load:

Lecture hours = 45 h.

Field trips = 2 days

Internship / field work = 3 months

Self-studies = 90 h.


Evaluation Scheme: 


Laboratory report = 5%; Field trip report = 5%; Field work report and presentation = 45%; and Final examination = 45%.


Students who display a thorough knowledge on techniques of marine fish nursing and growout during the examinations, and show excellent practical skills in laboratory report and field work report (written report + presentation) are given an A grade, and those who display a good understanding and practical skills are given a B grade.  Grade C will be awarded for those who show below average knowledge and practical skills on the subject matter, and the grade D will be given to students who show poor understanding/ practical skills on the subject matter.


Instructor: Dr Tran The Muu











(Select only which you are going to use)


1.         Needs Assessment:

One-page form to be developed and given to students on the first introductory class


2.         Lectures – lecture notes, 2 hours each, PDF file of the lectures and also reference materials to be provided in advance via online / VLE system


3.        Group discussions

-          Topic / issues / problems

-          Group plan

-          Date and venue

-          Presentation & Report


4.         Videos

Title of the videos, where and how long


5.         Laboratory work – a lab manual with clear learning objectives to be prepared and provided to the students.

-          Methodology

-          List of equipment, materials and chemicals

-          Reports to be submitted by students (format with deadline)


6.         Field visit / study tours

One-page description with the followings:

-          Background

-          Objectives

-          Date and transportation details with do’s and don’ts

-          Report with deadline

-          Presentation (date and format)


7.         Internship / field work

Full description of the program with the followings:

-          Background and objectives

-          Date and transportation/residences details with do’s and don’ts

-          Report (weekly) with deadline and final

-          Presentation (date and format)


8.        Case studies

One-page description with the followings:

-          Background description

-          Objectives

-          Report and presentation


9.         Evaluation and Feedback  -

An evaluation form to be developed to give to the students to get feedback. Scoring methods for each chapter and teaching methods etc, and also open questions can be included what they like the most, what they did not like and what are missing.